建立职业学校教师定期企业实践制度

着力推进校企共建“双师型”教师队伍

——教育部教师工作司负责人就《职业学校教师企业实践规定》答记者问

  riqian,jiaoyubudengqibumenlianheyinfa《zhiyexuexiaojiaoshiqiyeshijianguiding》(yixiajiancheng《guiding》),jiaoyubujiaoshigongzuosifuzerenjiu《zhiyexuexiaojiaoshiqiyeshijianguiding》huidalejizhetiwen。

一、请您谈谈《规定》出台的背景和意义。

  da: qiyegongzuojingliheshengchanyixianshijianjingyan,shitishengzhiyexuexiaojiaoshi“shuangshi”suzhideguanjian。1996nian《zhiyejiaoyufa》banbushishiyilai,guojiahedifangzaituidongjiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuofangmianjinxingleyouyidetansuo,qudelejijijinzhan。danzhiyexuexiaojiaoshiqiyeshijianmuqianrengcunzaizhidubujianquan、qudaobuchangtong、yaoqiubumingque、zhenduixingshixiaoxingbuqiangdengtuchuwenti,zhiyexuexiaojiaoshibunengjishilejie、zhangwochanyezhuanxingshengjiheshengchanyixiandeshijiqingkuang,zhuanyecaozuojinengheshijianjiaoxuenenglinanyishiyingjishujinengrencaipeiyangdexuyao,jidaiguojiajianlijianquanzhiyexuexiaojiaoshiqiyeshijianzhidu。

  weiguancheluoshidangdeshibadaheshibajiesanzhong、sizhong、wuzhongquanhuiguanyujiakuaifazhanxiandaizhiyejiaoyudezhongdabushu,jiaoyubuhuitongyouguanbumenzaishenrudiaoyandejichushang,zunxunzhiyejiaoyujiaoshizhuanyefazhanguilv,congzhiyuejiaoshiqiyeshijiandexianshiwentirushou,huiyingguanqie、jingzhunshice,yanzhichutaile《guiding》。

  《guiding》shituijinxiandaizhiyejiaoyutixijin7le、cujinzhiyejiaoyuxiaoqishenduhezuodezhongyaozhidusheji,shiwanshanzhiyejiaoyujiaoshipeiyangpeixunzhidu、jiaqiang“shuangshixing”jiaoshiduiwujin7ledeqieshijucuo,duiyucujinzhiyexuexiaojiaoshizhuanyefazhan、tigaojiaoshizhuanyeshijiannenglihejiaoxueshuiping,juyouzhongdayiyiheshijianjiazhi。

二、请您介绍一下《规定》的主要框架及突出特点。

金7乐  da: jiaoyubuhuitongguowuyuanguoziwei、fagaiwei、gongxinbu、caizhengbu、renshebu、guojiashuiwuzongjudengxiangguanzhinengbumen,shoucilianheyinfa《guiding》,zhengshiquelilezhiyexuexiaojiaoshidingqidaoqiyeshijianzhidu,shixianjiaoshiqiyeshijiandeguifanhua、changtaihua、zhangxiaohua。《guiding》you“zongze、neironghexingshi、zuzhiyuguanli、baozhangcuoshi、kaoheyujiangcheng、fuze”liubufenzucheng,duizhiyexuexiaojiaoshidaoqiyeshijiandezhongyaoyiyi、shijianneironghexingshi、zuzhiguanliyushishi、baozhangtiaojianyujizhi、kaohejiangchengcuoshi、shiyongfanweiheduixiangdengfangmianjinxingjutimingquedeguiding,xihuawei28getiaomu。

  《guiding》youyixia3getuchutedian。

  1.tixianleyimaixiangcheng、yushijujin。1996nian《zhiyejiaoyufa》di37tiaomingquetichuqiye、shiyezuzhiyingdangjienazhiyexuexiaohezhiyepeixunjigoudexueshenghejiaoshishixi。2006nianjiaoyubuyinfade《guanyujianlizhongdengzhiyexuexiaojiaoshidaoqiyeshijianzhidudeyijian》yaoqiugedijianliwanshanzhiyexuexiaojiaoshiqiyeshijianzhidu。jingguo20niandeshijianhetansuo,guojiahedifangzaizhidingjiaoshiqiyeshijianzhidu、jianlijiaoshiqiyeshijianjidi、shishijiaoshiqiyeshijianxiangmudengfangmian,youzhefengfu、chengshudejicengjingyanjileiheshijianjichu,keyishuo,《guiding》shijin7leguozhijiaoshiziduiwujin7le20niantansuoyushijianjingyandezhiduhuajiejing。

金7乐  2.tixianlefengongmingque、xietongzhili。《guiding》youjiaoyu、guozijianguan、fazhangaige、gongyehexinxihua、caizheng、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangdengbumencanyuzhiding、lianheshishi,mingqueyaoqiugedijiangjiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuolieweizhiyejiaoyugongzuobumenlianxihuiyidezhongyaoneirong,zuzhijiaoyudengxiangguanbumenjixingyezuzhi、qiyedingqiyanjiu,mingquegejirenminzhengfujiyouguanbumen、xingyezuzhi、zhiyexuexiaoheqiyecanyushishijiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuodezhizefengong,gongtongchengdanjiaoshiqiyeshijiandeguihuazhidao、guochengguanli、goutongxiediao、jilibaozhangdenggongzuo,quanmianjianliyouguanbumenxietongtuijin、duofangliandongdegongzuojizhi,tuijinjiaoshiqiyeshijianyouguoqujiaoyubumendanyizuzhizhuanbianweiduobumenxietongzhili。

  3.tixianlexitongsheji、quanmianguifan。《guiding》quanfangwei、xitonghuashejijiaoshiqiyeshijiandeyouguanzhengcecuoshi,jinyibuguifanhexihuashijianneirong、xingshiheyaoqiu,wanshanzuzhixingshi、guanlimoshi、tiaojianbaozhang、jiangchengjizhideng,jiaqiangjiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuodetongchouguihua,tuijinjiaoshiqiyeshijianyougebie、lingsandefangshixiangtongyi、guifandefangshizhuanbian,quanmiantishengjiaoshiqiyeshijiandezhenduixingheshixiaoxing。

三、《规定》对吸引企业积极参与教师企业实践出台了哪些切实举措?

  da: weichongfendiaodongqiyecanyujiaoshiqiyeshijiandejijixing,《guiding》tichuleqieshijucuo。

金7乐  yishimingqueqiyeyifayingdangjienajiaoshijinxingshijian。《guiding》genju《zhiyejiaoyufa》dengxiangguanfalvfagui,jinyibumingquefalvfuyuqiyecanyujiaoshiqiyeshijiandezerenheyiwu,qiangdiaoqiyeyifayingjienazhiyexuexiaojiaoshijinxingshijian。qiyezaijieshoujiaoshiqiyeshijianfangmianyaofahuizhutizuoyong,jijichengdanjiaoshiqiyeshijianrenwu。

金7乐  ershiqianghuaxingyezhuguanbumendejianduzhidaozuoyong。《guiding》duixingyezhuguanbumenhexingyezuzhizhidaoqiyejieshoujiaoshijinxingshijiantichulejutiyaoqiu,baokuoyindaozhichixingyeneiqiyekaizhanjiaoshiqiyeshijianhuodong,tuijian、jin7lejiaoshiqiyeshijianjidi,duiqiyechengdanjiaoshiqiyeshijianrenwujinxingxiediao、zhidaoyujiandu。

  sanshichutaiqiyecanyujiaoshiqiyeshijiandezhichizhengce。《guiding》mingqueyaoqiudifangzhengfubumenyaoyanjiuzhidingshuishouyouhui、jingfeitouru、biaozhangjianglidengzhichizhengce,yindaozhichiqiyecanyujiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuo。biru: qiyeyinjieshoujiaoshishijiansuoshijifashengdeyouguanhelizhichu,anxianxingshuishoufalvguidingzaijisuanyingnashuisuodeeshikouchu;shengjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenyaolianhexingyezhuguanbumenduiqiyeshijiangongzuochengjituchudeqiye、gerenanzhaoguojiayouguanguidingyuyibiaozhangjiangli;gulizhiyexuexiaojiaoshiduiqiyezhigongjiaoyuyupeixun、chanpinyanfa、jishugaizaoyutuiguangdengtigongzhichihejin7le。

金7乐  sishiyaoqiulinxuanjianlijiaoshiqiyeshijianjidi。《guiding》tichuyaojianlihewanshanjiaoshiqiyeshijiantixi。yifangmian,guojiaheshengjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenhuitongxingyezhuguanbumenlinxuanyipigongxiangkaifangdeshifanxingjiaoshiqiyeshijianjidi,yindaozhiyexuexiaojin7lejubeishengchannenglidexiaojijiaoshiqiyeshijianjidi。lingyifangmian,gediyaocaiquyouxiaocuoshi,fahuiyangqi、guoqidengdazhongxingqiyedeshifanyinlingzuoyong,zhichiqiyechangsheyipijiaoshiqiyeshijiangangwei。

四、对于保证教师企业实践的针对性和实效性,《规定》提出了哪些具体要求?

金7乐  da: weijinyibutigaojiaoshiqiyeshijiandezhenduixingheshixiaoxing,《guiding》tichule5gefangmiandejutiyaoqiu。

  yishijiaqiangtongchouguanli。《guiding》yaoqiugedizhidingbendiqujiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuozongtiguihuaheguanlibanfa,jin7lexinxihuaguanlipingtai,zhidingjiaoshiqiyeshijianjidilinxuantiaojianjitaotaijizhi,quedingjiaoshiqiyeshijianshijianzhesuanweijiaoshipeixunxueshi(xuefen)dejutibiaozhun,duijiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuojinxingzhidao、jianduhepinggu。zhiyexuexiaoyeyaozuohaobenxiaojiaoshiqiyeshijianguihua、shishijihua、zuzhiguanli、kaohepingjiadenggongzuo。

金7乐  ershiqianghuaxiaoqihezuo。《guiding》yaoqiuzhiyexuexiaoheqiyeyaolianhezhidingjiaoshiqiyeshijianfangan,genjujiaoshijiaoxueshijianhejiaoyankeyanxuyao,quedingjiaoshiqiyeshijiandezhongdianneirong,jiejuejiaoxuehekeyanzhongdeshijiwenti,youjihua、youzhenduixingdishishijiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuo。qiyeyaoquanmiancanyuzhidingjiaoshiqiyeshijianjihua,tigong“duikou”dejishuxinggangwei(gongzhong),mingqueguanlizerenrenhezhidaorenyuan(shifu),duijiaoshijinxingzhiyejinengjianding,shishiguochengguanlihejixiaopinggu。

  sanshichangdaoduozhongxingshi。《guiding》jinyibufengfuhechuangxinjiaoshiqiyeshijiandeshixianxingshi,baokuodaoqiyekaochaguanmo、jieshouqiyezuzhidejinengpeixun、zaiqiyedeshengchanheguanligangweijianzhihuorenzhi、canyuqiyechanpinyanfahejishuchuangxindengdeng,jiangzuzhijiaoshiqiyeshijianyuxueshengshixiyoujijiehe、youxiaoduijie。tongshi,《guiding》tichu “genjuzhuanyetedianmei5nianleijibushaoyu6geyue”dezuidiqiyeshijianshijianyaoqiu,jutishijiangenjuzhuanyetediandanxingbianhua,jiyuxuexiao、jiaoshigengdadezizhuquanhelinghuodu。

  sishituozhantouruqudao。“shiyiwu”、“shierwu”qijian,youguojia、shengliangjishishidezhiyeyuanxiaojiaoshisuzhitigaojihuazhuanmenshelicaizhengzhuanxiangzijin,tongguogoumaiqiyejin7le、xiaoqilianhepeixundengxingshizuzhizhiyexuexiaojiaoshidaoqiyeshijian,qudelelianghaodexiaoguo。《guiding》mingqueyaoqiugedijianlizhengfu、xuexiao、qiyeheshehuililianggefangduoqudaochoucuojingfeijizhi,tongguoshelizhuanxiangjijin、juanzizanzhudengfangshizhichijiaoshiqiyeshijian,jinyibutuozhanjingfeitourulaiyuanqudao,tuidongzhengfu、xuexiao、qiyeheshehuililiangduofangtouru,helizhichijiaoshiqiyeshijian。

  wushikaizhanjixiaokaohe。《guiding》yaoqiugedijianlijiaoshiqiyeshijiankaohehechengjidengjizhidu,bajiaoshiqiyeshijianxueshi(xuefen)narujiaoshikaoheneirong。zhiyexuexiaoheqiyeyaoduijiaoshiqiyeshijianqingkuangjinxingkaohe,duiqudetuchuchengji、zhongdachengguodejiaoshijiyubiaozhangjiangli。jiaoshiyeyaojishizongjie,baqiyeshijianshouhuozhuanhuaweijiaoxueziyuan,tuidongjiaoyujiaoxuegaige。tongshi,duiyujishaoshujiaoshiwuzhengdangliyoujubucanjiaqiyeshijianhuocanjiaqiyeshijianqijianweifanyouguanguidingde,yejichulechuliyijian。

五、教育部对下一步做好《规定》的贯彻实施有哪些主要措施?

金7乐  da: zhuyaoyouyixia4gefangmiandecuoshi。

  yishizuohaobushu。yaoqiugedijiaoyuxingzhengbumenjiaqiangzuzhilingdaohetongchouxiediao,huitongguozijianguandengbumenyijubenguiding,jiehebendiqushijizhidingjutishishibanfa,wanshanxiangguanzhichizhengce,jianggexianggongzuorenwuluoshidaowei。

  ershikaizhandudao。yaoqiugedijiangjiaoshiqiyeshijiangongzuoqingkuangnaruduibanxuezhuguanbumenhezhiyexuexiaodedudaokaoheneirong,duigongzuochengjituchudejicengbumen、xuexiaoanzhaoguojiayouguanguidingjiyubiaozhang,bingyuyigulixuanchuan,jiaoyubujiangshishizuzhichouchadudao。

  sanshixiangmuyinling。fahuiguojiaxiangmudeshifanyinlingzuoyong,“shisanwu”qijian,jixujiangqiyeshijiannaruzhiyexuexiaojiaoshiguojiajipeixunguihua,bingzhuanmenshelijiaoshiqiyeshijianxiangmu,shifandaidongdifangzuzhizhiyexuexiaojiaoshidaoqiyeshijian。

  sishiguangfanxuanchuan。zuzhizhuanjiajinxingzhengcejiedu,jubanzhijiaoshizipeiyangpeixuntixijin7lezhuantiyantaoban,jiangwenjianjingshenjutixiangjindichuandadaodifang、xuexiao、jiaoshi,duidifangtansuoqudedehaojingyan、haozuofajinxingxuanchuanhetuiguang。